# Pictograph Examples with Answers

**Pictograph Examples** **with Answers**

### What is a Pictograph?

A **pictograph** (or pictogram) is a way of representing data using images or symbols. Each image or symbol in a pictograph stands for a certain number of items, making it easier to visualize data at a glance. Pictographs are especially useful for young learners as they turn numbers into something more tangible and engaging.

### Example 1: Favorite Fruits

Let’s say we surveyed a group of 20 kids about their favorite fruits, and the results were as follows:

**Apple:**8 kids**Banana:**5 kids**Orange:**4 kids**Grapes:**3 kids

#### Step 1: Create the Pictograph Key

Weβll choose a symbol to represent the fruits. Let’s say each π (apple) represents **2 kids**.

#### Step 2: Draw the Pictograph

Fruit | Number of Kids | Pictograph |
---|---|---|

Apple | 8 | ππππ |

Banana | 5 | πππ(half) |

Orange | 4 | ππ |

Grapes | 3 | ππ(half) |

**mathsmd.com**

#### Step 3: Explain the Pictograph

**Apple:**Each apple represents 2 kids. So, 4 apples mean 8 kids like apples.**Banana:**Each banana represents 2 kids, and a half banana represents 1 kid. So, 2.5 bananas mean 5 kids like bananas.**Orange:**2 oranges represent 4 kids.**Grapes:**1.5 grapes represent 3 kids.

### Example 2: Number of Books Read by Students

Suppose a teacher wants to show how many books were read by five students in a week.

**Alice:**6 books**Bob:**4 books**Cathy:**8 books**David:**10 books**Eve:**2 books

#### Step 1: Create the Pictograph Key

Letβs choose π (a book) to represent **2 books**.

#### Step 2: Draw the Pictograph

Student | Number of Books | Pictograph |
---|---|---|

Alice | 6 | πππ |

Bob | 4 | ππ |

Cathy | 8 | ππππ |

David | 10 | πππππ |

Eve | 2 | π |

**mathsmd.com**

#### Step 3: Explain the Pictograph

**Alice:**3 books symbols mean Alice read 6 books.**Bob:**2 book symbols mean Bob read 4 books.**Cathy:**4 book symbols mean Cathy read 8 books.**David:**5 book symbols mean David read 10 books.**Eve:**1 book symbol means Eve read 2 books.

### Example 3: Types of Pets Owned by Students

Let’s survey how many students own different types of pets:

**Dogs:**12 students**Cats:**6 students**Rabbits:**9 students**Fish:**3 students

#### Step 1: Create the Pictograph Key

Weβll use πΎ (a paw print) to represent **3 students**.

#### Step 2: Draw the Pictograph

Pet | Number of Students | Pictograph |
---|---|---|

Dogs | 12 | πΎπΎπΎπΎ |

Cats | 6 | πΎπΎ |

Rabbits | 9 | πΎπΎπΎ |

Fish | 3 | πΎ |

**mathsmd.com**

#### Step 3: Explain the Pictograph

**Dogs:**4 paw prints represent 12 students.**Cats:**2 paw prints represent 6 students.**Rabbits:**3 paw prints represent 9 students.**Fish:**1 paw print represents 3 students.

### Example 4: Ice Cream Flavors

Imagine we surveyed a group of 30 people about their favorite ice cream flavors, and the results were as follows:

**Vanilla:**10 people**Chocolate:**12 people**Strawberry:**6 people**Mint:**2 people

#### Step 1: Create the Pictograph Key

We’ll use π¦ (an ice cream cone) to represent **2 people**.

#### Step 2: Draw the Pictograph

Ice Cream Flavor | Number of People | Pictograph |
---|---|---|

Vanilla | 10 | π¦π¦π¦π¦π¦ |

Chocolate | 12 | π¦π¦π¦π¦π¦π¦ |

Strawberry | 6 | π¦π¦π¦ |

Mint | 2 | π¦ |

**mathsmd.com**

#### Step 3: Explain the Pictograph

**Vanilla:**5 ice cream cones represent 10 people.**Chocolate:**6 ice cream cones represent 12 people.**Strawberry:**3 ice cream cones represent 6 people.**Mint:**1 ice cream cone represents 2 people.

### Conclusion

This pictograph shows the favorite ice cream flavors of the surveyed group. Itβs easy to see that chocolate is the most popular flavor, followed by vanilla, strawberry, and mint. The pictograph helps to quickly compare how many people prefer each flavor using the simple visual of an ice cream cone to represent 2 people.

### Example 5: Modes of Transport to School

Let’s say we surveyed 40 students about how they get to school. The results are as follows:

**Bus:**20 students**Bicycle:**10 students**Walking:**6 students**Car:**4 students

#### Step 1: Create the Pictograph Key

We’ll use π (a bus symbol) to represent **4 students**.

#### Step 2: Draw the Pictograph

Mode of Transport | Number of Students | Pictograph |
---|---|---|

Bus | 20 | πππππ |

Bicycle | 10 | π²π²π²π²π² |

Walking | 6 | πΆπΆπΆ (half) |

Car | 4 | π |

**mathsmd.com**

#### Step 3: Explain the Pictograph

**Bus:**5 bus symbols represent 20 students.**Bicycle:**5 bicycle symbols represent 10 students.**Walking:**3.5 walking symbols represent 6 students (3 full + 1 half).**Car:**1 car symbol represents 4 students.

### Example 6: Weekly Sales of a Bakery

A bakery records the sales of different types of bread over a week:

**Baguette:**15 loaves**Sourdough:**20 loaves**Whole Wheat:**10 loaves**Rye:**5 loaves

#### Step 1: Create the Pictograph Key

Let’s use π (a loaf of bread) to represent **5 loaves**.

#### Step 2: Draw the Pictograph

Type of Bread | Number of Loaves Sold | Pictograph |
---|---|---|

Baguette | 15 | πππ |

Sourdough | 20 | ππππ |

Whole Wheat | 10 | ππ |

Rye | 5 | π |

**mathsmd.com**

#### Step 3: Explain the Pictograph

**Baguette:**3 bread symbols represent 15 loaves.**Sourdough:**4 bread symbols represent 20 loaves.**Whole Wheat:**2 bread symbols represent 10 loaves.**Rye:**1 bread symbol represents 5 loaves.

### Example 7: Number of Books in Different Genres

Let’s consider a library with the following number of books in different genres:

**Fiction:**30 books**Non-Fiction:**20 books**Science:**15 books**History:**10 books

#### Step 1: Create the Pictograph Key

We’ll use π (a book symbol) to represent **5 books**.

#### Step 2: Draw the Pictograph

Genre | Number of Books | Pictograph |
---|---|---|

Fiction | 30 | ππππππ |

Non-Fiction | 20 | ππππ |

Science | 15 | πππ |

History | 10 | ππ |

**mathsmd.com**

#### Step 3: Explain the Pictograph

**Fiction:**6 book symbols represent 30 books.**Non-Fiction:**4 book symbols represent 20 books.**Science:**3 book symbols represent 15 books.**History:**2 book symbols represent 10 books.

### Example 8: Favorite Sports of Students

Imagine a survey where students were asked about their favorite sports:

**Soccer:**25 students**Basketball:**15 students**Tennis:**10 students**Swimming:**5 students

#### Step 1: Create the Pictograph Key

We’ll use β½οΈ (a soccer ball symbol) to represent **5 students**.

#### Step 2: Draw the Pictograph

Sport | Number of Students | Pictograph |
---|---|---|

Soccer | 25 | β½οΈβ½οΈβ½οΈβ½οΈβ½οΈ |

Basketball | 15 | πππ |

Tennis | 10 | πΎπΎ |

Swimming | 5 | πββοΈ |

**mathsmd.com**

#### Step 3: Explain the Pictograph

**Soccer:**5 soccer ball symbols represent 25 students.**Basketball:**3 basketball symbols represent 15 students.**Tennis:**2 tennis ball symbols represent 10 students.**Swimming:**1 swimming symbol represents 5 students.

### Conclusion

Pictographs are a great way to visually represent data, making it easy for kids to understand and compare information. By using simple symbols and a key, pictographs turn numbers into meaningful images that can be easily interpreted.