## Basic Multiplication Problems For Kids

### Introduction to Multiplication

Multiplication is a way to add equal groups together. For example, if you have 3 groups of 4 apples each, you can find the total number of apples by multiplying 3 (groups) by 4 (apples in each group).

Hereโs a detailed explanation of basic multiplication problems for kids with diagrams and examples.

### Example 1: 3 x 4

Problem: How many apples are there in 3 groups of 4 apples each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 3 groups.
• Each group has 4 apples.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:

Group 1: ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
Group 2: ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
Group 3: ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐

Total Apples: 12 (3 groups of 4 apples each)

1. Draw 3 groups.
• In each group, draw 4 apples.
2. Count the total number of apples:
• You can count all the apples one by one or add them.
• 4 + 4 + 4 = 12
• Therefore, 3 ร 4 = 12.
3. Write the multiplication sentence:
4. 3 x 4 = 12

### Example 2: 2 x 5

Problem: How many stars are there in 2 groups of 5 stars each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 2 groups.
• Each group has 5 stars.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:

Group 1: โญ โญ โญ โญ โญ
Group 2: โญ โญ โญ โญ โญ

Total Stars: 10 (2 groups of 5 stars each)

1. Draw 2 groups.
• In each group, draw 5 stars.
2. Count the total number of stars:
• You can count all the stars one by one or add them.
• 5 + 5 = 10
• Therefore, 2 ร 5 = 10.
3. Write the multiplication sentence:
• 2 ร 5 = 10

### Example 3: 4 x 3

Problem: How many circles are there in 4 groups of 3 circles each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 4 groups.
• Each group has 3 circles.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:

Group 1: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 2: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 3: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 4: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต

Total Circles: 12 (4 groups of 3 circles each)

1. Draw 4 groups.
• In each group, draw 3 circles.
2. Count the total number of circles:
• You can count all the circles one by one or add them.
• 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12
• Therefore, 4 ร 3 = 12.
3. Write the multiplication sentence:
• 4 ร 3 = 12

### Example 4: 5 x 2

Problem: How many squares are there in 5 groups of 2 squares each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 5 groups.
• Each group has 2 squares.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:

Group 1: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 2: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 3: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 4: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 5: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ

Total Squares: 10 (5 groups of 2 squares each)

1. Draw 5 groups.
• In each group, draw 2 squares.
2. Count the total number of squares:
• You can count all the squares one by one or add them.
• 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 10
• Therefore, 5 x 2 = 10.
3. Write the multiplication sentence:
• 5 x 2 = 10

### Example 5: 6 x 3

Problem: How many triangles are there in 6 groups of 3 triangles each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 6 groups.
• Each group has 3 triangles.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:

Group 1: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 2: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 3: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 4: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 5: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 6: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ

1. Draw 6 groups.
• In each group, draw 3 triangles.
2. Count the total number of triangles:
• You can count all the triangles one by one or add them.
• 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 18
• Therefore, 6 x 3 = 18.
3. Write the multiplication sentence:
• 6 x 3 = 18

Total Triangles: 18 (6 groups of 3 triangles each)

### Example 6: 5 x 5

Problem: How many hearts are there in 5 groups of 5 hearts each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 5 groups.
• Each group has 5 hearts.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:

Group 1: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 2: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 3: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 4: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 5: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ

Total Squares: 25 (5 groups of 5 squares each)

1. Draw 5 groups.
• In each group, draw 5 hearts.
2. Count the total number of hearts:
• You can count all the hearts one by one or add them.
• 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 = 25
• Therefore, 5 x 5 = 25.
3. Write the multiplication sentence:
• 5 x 5 = 25

### Example 7: 7 x 2

Problem: How many stars are there in 7 groups of 2 stars each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 7 groups.
• Each group has 2 stars.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:

Group 1: โญ โญ
Group 2: โญ โญ
Group 3: โญ โญ
Group 4: โญ โญ
Group 5: โญ โญ
Group 6: โญ โญ
Group 7: โญ โญ

1. Draw 7 groups.
• In each group, draw 2 stars.
2. Count the total number of stars:
• You can count all the stars one by one or add them.
• 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 14
• Therefore, 7 ร 2 = 14.
3. Write the multiplication sentence:
• 7 ร 2 = 14

Total Stars: 14 (7 groups of 2 stars each)

### Example 8: 5 x 6

Problem: How many circles are there in 5 groups of 6 circles each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 5 groups.
• Each group has 6 circles.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:

Group 1: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 2: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 3: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 4: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 5: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต

Total Circles: 30 (5 groups of 6 circles each)

1. Draw 5 groups.
• In each group, draw 6 circles.
2. Count the total number of circles:
• You can count all the circles one by one or add them.
• 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30
• Therefore, 5 ร 6 = 30.
3. Write the multiplication sentence:
• 5 ร 6 = 30

### Example 9: 6 x 5

Problem: How many squares are there in 6 groups of 5 squares each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

Group 1: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 2: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 3: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 4: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 5: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 6: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
โผ๏ธ

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 6 groups.
• Each group has 5 squares.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:
• Draw 6 groups.
• In each group, draw 5 squares.
3. Count the total number of squares:
• You can count all the squares one by one or add them.
• 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 = 30
• Therefore, 6 ร 5 = 30.
4. Write the multiplication sentence:
• 6 ร 5 = 30

### Example 10: 3 x 6

Problem: How many apples are there in 3 groups of 6 apples each?

Step-by-Step Solution:

Group 1: ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
Group 2: ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
Group 3: ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
๐

1. Understand the problem:
• You have 3 groups.
• Each group has 6 apples.
2. Use a diagram to visualize:
• Draw 3 groups.
• In each group, draw 6 apples.
3. Count the total number of apples:
• You can count all the apples one by one or add them.
• 6 + 6 + 6 = 18
• Therefore, 3 ร 6 = 18.
4. Write the multiplication sentence:
• 3 ร 6 = 18

### Example 11: 3 x 5 Apples

Problem: How many apples are there in 3 groups of 5 apples each?

Group 1: ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
Group 2: ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
Group 3: ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐

Total Apples: 15 (3 groups of 5 apples each)

### Example 12: 4 x 4 Stars

Problem: How many stars are there in 4 groups of 4 stars each?

Group 1: โญ โญ โญ โญ
Group 2: โญ โญ โญโญ
Group 3: โญ โญ โญโญ
Group 4: โญ โญ โญโญ

Total Stars: 16 (4 groups of 4 stars each)

### Example 13: 5 x 3 Circles

Problem: How many circles are there in 5 groups of 3 circles each?

Group 1: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 2: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 3: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 4: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต
Group 5: ๐ต ๐ต ๐ต

Total Circles: 15 (5 groups of 3 circles each)

### Example 14: 6 x 4 Squares

Problem: How many squares are there in 6 groups of 4 squares each?

Group 1: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 2: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 3: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 4: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 5: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ
Group 6: โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ โผ๏ธ

Total Squares: 24 (6 groups of 4 squares each)

### Example 15: 7 x 3 Triangles

Problem: How many triangles are there in 7 groups of 3 triangles each?

Group 1: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 2: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 3: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 4: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 5: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 6: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ
Group 7: ๐บ ๐บ ๐บ

Total Triangles: 21 (7 groups of 3 triangles each)

### Summary

• Multiplication is a way to find the total number of items in equal groups.
• Diagrams help visualize the groups and make it easier to understand the problem.
• Practice with different numbers and groups to become more comfortable with multiplication.

By using these detailed examples and diagrams, kids can better understand and solve basic multiplication problems.